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Single Incision Laparoscopic Cholycystectomy

The procedure is identical to traditional laparoscopic gallbladder removal, a procedure called a cholecystectomy, except that the surgeon makes just one tiny incision instead of four.In traditional laparoscopic cholecystectomy, incisions are made in the abdomen — one on the rim of the navel (umbilicus), one beneath the navel and two beneath the navel and to the right side. A laparoscope (optical instrument) and surgical instruments are passed into the interior of the abdomen to aid the surgeon in removal of the gallbladder.In single-incision surgery, the laparoscope and all of the instruments are inserted through one 1.5-2 cm incision within the navel. Thus, the patient recovers with a single, almost invisible scar in the umbilical area. As with all laparoscopic surgeries, patients also generally experience less pain and blood loss, and a shorter recovery time, than with open surgery.